Insert a number when a citation is needed, preferably at the end of a sentence or clause or following quotation marks, if any. Format the number as a superscript (above the line). To format a number as superscript in Microsoft Word:Type the note number, select it, then right-click.
Choose the Font option from the list.
Under Effects, choose Superscript.)
In the footnotes or endnotes, do not format the note number as superscript. See the videos embedded in the Formatting Your Paper tab for information on formatting Chicago Style Papers in Microsoft Word (PC and Mac).
CMOS 17th Edition: Changes to use of Ibid. "In a departure from previous editions, Chicago discourages the use of ibid. in favor of shortened citations" as found in Section 14.29.
If you choose to include a comment in a note, include it after the citation. Example: "5. Mitchell, People in Organizations, 25. This is the text of my comment." CMOS offers an additional example in Section 14.39, Substantive notes.
CMOS also allows writers to include several citations in one note. See Section 14.57 for a detailed explanation and example.
A bibliography is a list of references alphabetized by author's last name. If a citation has no author, use the title for alphabetization purposes.
If multiple works have the same author, alphabetize by title. When an author is the sole author of one or more books and a co-author of other books, list the book(s) by the single author before the multi-author book(s).