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IWU OCLS Tutorials: OTA Evidence-Based Toolkit - Evidence-Based Practice


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What is EBP?



Dearholt, Sandra L., and Dang, Deborah. Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Models and Guidelines (2nd Edition).


EBP is a problem-solving approach to clinical decision-making within a health care organization. It integrates the best available scientific evidence with the best available experiential (patient and practitioner) evidence. EBP considers internal and external influences on practice and encourages critical thinking in the judicious application of such evidence to the care of individual patients, a patient population, or a system (Newhouse, Dearholt, Poe, Pugh, & White, 2007).





Many different terms and acronyms are used to describe Evidence-Based Clinical Practice. 


- Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM)
- Evidence-Based Practice (EBP)
- Evidence-Based Health Care (EBHC)
- Evidence-Based Dentistry (EBD)
- Evidence-Based Nursing (EBN)
- Evidence-Based Public Health (EBPH)



Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Practice Model



From John Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice: Model and Guidelines
Dearholt, S., Dang, Deborah, & Sigma Theta Tau International. (2012). Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-based Practice : Models and Guidelines.



The 3 Phases of EBP


The JH Evidence-based Practice Model consists of three phases:


Practice - Develop and refine your question and your team

Evidence - Search, appraise, summarize and synthesize internal and external sources of evidence.

Translation - Create and implement an action plan, evaluate outcomes, disseminate findings.



Johns Hopkins Model Resources


These books describe how to conduct evidence-based practice. There are chapters on the various steps in the Hopkins model, outlining how and when they should be completed. The appendixes include printable worksheets that can be used to track your progress. Reading the book(s) first is recommended if you're unsure how to proceed with your project.



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